Enrollment of Expatriates in the Ready Made Garments (RMG) & Textile Sectors of Bangladesh
Saiful Islam, Tasneem Nabila Islam

University of Dhaka; Daffodil International University (DIU)
Email: tasneem.n.islam@gmail.com

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Article Information

Purpose: This study aims to explore the employment of expatriates in the management role, the reasons and subsequent impact on the Ready Made Garment (RMG) and textile sectors of Bangladesh. Methodology: Based on a qualitative research approach, thirty experts from three levels of management of ten different firms have been interviewed using snowball and convenience sampling. Findings: Expatriates recruited in the top and mid-level management positions are mostly from India and Sri Lanka. Previously, they were primarily employed because of the scarcity of technical and managerial skills in Bangladesh but now are substituting the jobs that could otherwise be offered to the qualified domestic managers. High magnitude of corruption among home country managers, requisite to ensure efficiency and lack of technical skills have been cited as the prime causes of expatriates" presence. A collaborative effort from the government, owners and various stakeholders are required to change the current level of dependency on expatriates in the RMG and textile sectors of Bangladesh. Limitations: This exploratory research requires the inclusion of more substantial datasets and more specific determinants to complete conclusive research in the future. Practical Implications: This study outlines a holistic effort from all stakeholders in the RMG and textile sectors to reduce dependency on expatriates and create opportunities for more local employment and development of their skills and competencies. Originality/Value: The findings of this research shed some light on the existing gap in academic research regarding the issues of expatriates working in the management position of the RMG and textile sectors of Bangladesh.